Featured Deceased Brother for February 2016 – Donald Edward Kerr (1862-1943)

Temple Lodge. No.33 is starting a new monthly feature on our website to promote awareness of our Lodge history and our Deceased Brethren. Each month we will feature a different deceased member of Temple Lodge, No.33.

Our featured Deceased Brother for February 2016 is M.W.B. Donald Edward Kerr, Grand Master of B.C. & Yukon in 1930-31.

Most Worshipful Brother Donald Edward Kerr (1862-1943) was born in Woodstock, Ontario in 1862. He was initiated, passed and raised in Corinthian Lodge, No. 27, Rossland, B.C., in 1898.

He moved to Duncan, B.C. where he practised as a dental surgeon. He affiliated with Temple Lodge, No. 33 in 1919 and remained a member until his death in 1943. He served as Grand Master of B.C. in 1930-31.

Donald Edward Kerr as Grand Master of B.C. & Yukon
Donald Edward Kerr as Grand Master of B.C. & Yukon in 1930-31 (photo courtesy Grand Lodge of B.C. & Yukon)

Here is a brief biographical sketch of Most Worshipful Brother Donald Edward Kerr, taken from various sources:  Continue reading Featured Deceased Brother for February 2016 – Donald Edward Kerr (1862-1943)

Kenneth Forrest Duncan, first Mayor of Duncan

Worshipful Brother Kenneth Forrest Duncan (1881-1952) was a member of the family for whom the City of Duncan is named. He was instrumental in establishing the City of Duncan in 1912. He served as the City of Duncan’s first Mayor in 1912-13. Kenneth Street in downtown Duncan is named for him.

Kenneth F. Duncan, circa 1920
Kenneth F. Duncan, circa 1920. First Mayor of Duncan, 1912. W.M. of Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1913. (Photo courtesy of City of Duncan

Continue reading Kenneth Forrest Duncan, first Mayor of Duncan

Temple Lodge, No. 33 Members as Reeves of North Cowichan

The City of Duncan was created in 1912 on land that was formerly part of the Municipality of North Cowichan.

Before the incorporation of the City of Duncan, the following members of Temple Lodge, No.33 served as Reeve of North Cowichan (note: the title “Reeve” was changed to “Mayor” in 1970] and as members of North Cowichan Council. Also see our Mayors of Duncan page and our Reeves of North Cowichan page.

Alexander Chalmers Aitken, Reeve of North Cowichan 1909-1911, 1923.
Alexander Chalmers Aitken, Reeve of North Cowichan 1909-1911, 1923. (photo courtesy of Municipality of North Cowichan)
James McLeod Campbell, circa 1907 as Reeve of North Cowichan
James McLeod Campbell, circa 1907 as Reeve of North Cowichan (photo courtesy of Municipality of North Cowichan)
J. Islay Mutter, Mayor of Duncan and Reeve of North Cowichan
J. Islay Mutter, Mayor of Duncan and Reeve of North Cowichan (photo courtesy of City of Duncan)
Thomas Anthony Wood, Reeve of North Cowichan 1896-1899
Thomas Anthony Wood, Reeve of North Cowichan 1896-1899. (photo courtesy of Municipality of North Cowichan)

The following members of Temple Lodge, No.33 have been elected to North Cowichan Council:

James Whittome in his office, circa 1914
James Henry Whittome in his office, circa 1914 (photo courtesy of Cowichan Estates Ltd.)
Christopher Dobson, circa 1928
Christopher Dobson, circa 1928. (photo copyright Temple Lodge, No.33)

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Masonic Mayors of Duncan

Since the City of Duncan was incorporated in 1912, there have been sixteen Mayors of Duncan. Ten of those sixteen Mayors have been Freemasons and eight of those ten have been members of Temple Lodge, No.33.

Thomas Pitt as District Deputy Grand Master, circa 1918
Thomas Pitt as District Deputy Grand Master, circa 1918. Thomas Pitt was Mayor of Duncan 1914-16 and in 1924 (photo copyright Temple Lodge, No.33)

Here is a list of the Freemasons who have served as Mayor of Duncan, followed by a list of Freemasons who have served on Duncan City Council.

Freemasons Who Have Served On Duncan City Council

Kenneth F. Duncan, circa 1920
Kenneth F. Duncan, circa 1920. First Mayor of Duncan, 1912 (Photo courtesy of City of Duncan)
Ormond Towers Smythe, Mayor of Duncan 1914-16, 1923
Ormond Towers Smythe, Mayor of Duncan 1914-16, 1923 (photo courtesy of City of Duncan)
J. Islay Mutter, Mayor of Duncan and Reeve of North Cowichan
J. Islay Mutter, Mayor of Duncan and Reeve of North Cowichan (photo courtesy of City of Duncan)
George Henry Savage, Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1923. Mayor of Duncan 1943-46
George Henry Savage, Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1923. Mayor of Duncan 1943-46 (photo courtesy of City of Duncan)
Ken Paskin, Mayor of Duncan 1974-1979. He was a member of Malahat Lodge, No. 107 in Mill Bay, B.C.
Ken Paskin, Mayor of Duncan 1974-1979. He was a member of Malahat Lodge, No. 107 in Mill Bay, B.C. (photo courtesy of City of Duncan)

 

Douglas William Barker, Mayor of Duncan,

Douglas William Barker, Mayor of Duncan, (photo courtesy of City of Duncan)

Claude Alfred John Green (1904-2003) Past Grand Master

St. Mary's Somenos Anglican Cemetery, Somenos Road, North Cowichan

Most Worshipful Brother Claude Alfred John Green (1904-2003) joined Temple Lodge, No. 33 in 1927. He served as Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1941 and Grand Master of B.C. & Yukon in 1957-58.

Claude Alfred John Green as Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1941
Claude Alfred John Green as Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1941

M.W.B. Green was Initiated, Passed and Raised in Temple Lodge, No. 33 in 1927. Claude Green’s father, Alfred Edward Green, was also a member of Temple Lodge, No.33 and was Worshipful Master of the Lodge in 1927, the year Claude Green joined Temple Lodge, No.33. W.Bro. Alfred E. Green is buried in Mountain View Cemetery, a short distance north of where M.W.B. Claude Green is interred in St. Mary’s Somenos Anglican Cemetery on Somenos Road.

Claude Green married Edna Castley in 1928 and they hired architect Douglas James to build them a house at 733 Wharncliffe Road. This house is still standing. In 1937, Claude and Edna Green moved from Wharncliffe Road into a new home they had built on Grieve Road in North Cowichan.

733 Wharncliffe Road, Duncan. Built for Claude and Edna Green in 1928 by architect Douglas James.
733 Wharncliffe Road, Duncan. Built for Claude and Edna Green in 1928 by architect Douglas James.
Claude Green built this house on Grieve Road, North Cowichan for his family.
Claude and Edna Green built this house on Grieve Road, North Cowichan for their family in 1937.

In the 1930s and 1940s, Claude Green operated a paint contracting business at 161 Kenneth Street in downtown Duncan. That building is still standing and Claude Green’s business sign, circa 1940, is still visible on an exterior wall.

Claude Green (right) in front of his business building at 161 Kenneth Street, circa 1940. The sign on the exterior wall behind Claude Green is still visible on 161 Kenneth Street today
Claude Green (right) in front of his business building at 161 Kenneth Street, circa 1940. The sign on the exterior wall behind Claude Green is still visible on 161 Kenneth Street today. (photo courtesy of Cowichan Valley Museum)
Claude Green business sign, circa 1940, is still visible on 161 Kenneth Street in downtown Duncan
Claude Green business sign, circa 1940, is still visible on 161 Kenneth Street in downtown Duncan

In 1949, Claude Green built a new building at 145-149 Kenneth Street to house his paint contracting business. He quickly sold this building to a group of doctors who wanted it as an investment property. This building is now a landmark building in downtown Duncan and has been home to Volume One Books since 1972.

145-149 Kenneth Street, now Volume One Books. Built in 1949 by Claude Green
145-149 Kenneth Street, now Volume One Books. Built in 1949 by Claude Green

Here is a brief biographical sketch of Most Worshipful Brother Claude Alfred John Green, taken from various sources:

“GREEN – Claude Alfred John, died at Royal Jubilee Hospital, September 7 2003. Claude was born March 11, 1904, in Wealdstone, Middlesex, a northwestern suburb of Folkestone, on the coast of Kent, where he completed his schooling and participated in competitive rowing. In 1921 they emigrated to Canada and settled in Duncan. Claude started a painting and decorating business in 1925, which later evolved into a very successful painting contracting enterprise, primarily utilized by sawmills, pulp mills and logging camps up and down the B.C. coast. After retiring from contracting he became a driving Instructor for the next ten years, an occupation which gave him great enjoyment. In 1928 he married Edna Castely, a member of one of the pioneering families of the Cowichan Valley, and they built two homes – the first on Wharncliffe Road and, in 1937, a larger one on Grieve Road for their expanding family, a son, Rodney, and a daughter, Sylvia. Edna and Claude were married for 71 happy years. Claude was involved in many facets of local community life, including the Duncan Volunteer Fire Department; the Junior Chamber of Commerce; the Masonic Lodge (becoming Grand Master of British Columbia and Yukon in 1957-58); the Cowichan Cricket Club; the Cowichan Historical Society and Cowichan Valley Museum; Meals on Wheels; and the Cowichan District Hospital Association, of which he was chairman for ten years. During this time he was closely involved in the planning and construction of the Cowichan District Hospital, which opened in September 1967. He was chosen Duncan’s Citizen of the Year in 1967 in recognition of his contributions to the community while serving on the hospital board. Claude was predeceased by his wife, Edna; son, Rodney; daughter-in-law, Jean; grandson, Bruce Green; sister, Edna Swan and brother, Malcolm. He will be greatly missed by daughter, Sylvia (Glenn) Dyer, daughter-in-law Eileen and eight grandchildren, Lyn (Douglas) Bain, Laurie Green (Cyril), Ian (Dinaurea) Cheffins, Lyle (Yvonne) Green, Brian (Joanna) Cheffins, Karen (Jim) Dunn, Christine (Paul) Ringrose and Jonathan Cheffins (Kristianne). He is also survived by six great-granddaughters, six great-grandsons, and nieces and nephews in Canada, England and the United States. The family would like to thank Dr. Stephen Faulkner (Claude’s friend, physician and biographer) for his care and support and the marvelous staff at Wedgwood House, where Claude resided for the last three years, for their assistance and many kindnesses. A wonderful life well lived. In lieu of flowers donations may be made in Claude’s memory to the Duncan District Hospital Foundation, #4-466 Trans-Canada Highway, Duncan, B.C. V9L 3R6 or the Cowichan Valley Museum, Box 1014, Duncan, B.C. V9L 3Y2.
A Memorial Service will be held on Saturday, September 20 at the Silver Bridge Inn Travelodge at 2:00 p.m.
First Memorial Funeral Services 250-748-2134”
(Source: Cowichan Leader 2003 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

Claude and Edna Green are buried in St. Mary’s Somenos Anglican Cemetery on Somenos Road.

Claude and Edna Green grave marker, St. Mary's Somenos Anglican Cemetery
Claude and Edna Green grave marker, St. Mary’s Somenos Anglican Cemetery

Thomas Pitt (1870-1937) Mayor of Duncan and Past Master of Temple Lodge, No.33

R.W. Bro. Thomas Pitt (1870-1937) was Initiated and Passed in Temple Lodge No. 33 in 1900 and Raised to a Master Mason in 1901. He served as Lodge Secretary in 1902-03, Treasurer in 1904, Junior Warden in 1905, Senior Warden in 1907 and Worshipful Master of the Lodge in 1908 and 1909.

Thomas Pitt as District Deputy Grand Master, circa 1918
Thomas Pitt as District Deputy Grand Master, circa 1918 (photo copyright Temple Lodge, No.33)

He was an Alderman of the City of Duncan in 1914 and 1922-1924. He served as Mayor of Duncan from 1919-1921.

He was also prominent in local business. In 1902, he formed a partnership with fellow Temple Lodge, No.33 member Andrew Hans Peterson under the name Pitt & Peterson, which purchased the Duncan Emporium business of W.B. Harry Smith.

With W.Bro. Andrew H. Peterson, he was one of the founders of Cowichan Merchants Ltd. in 1909. He sold his interest in Cowichand Merchants Ltd. to Andrew H. Peterson in 1919.

Cowichan Merchants Building in downtown Duncan. Thomas Pitt and Andrew H. Peterson were among the three partners who built this landmark building in 1912.
Cowichan Merchants Building in downtown Duncan. Thomas Pitt and Andrew H. Peterson were among the three partners who built this landmark building in 1912.

He later ran a garage under the name of Thomas Pitt Ltd. before retiring in 1932. The building he built in 1929 for his automotive business is still standing at 231 Government St. in downtown Duncan, B.C. This building was designed by local architect Douglas James.

231 Government Street, Duncan, B.C. Built by architect Douglas James in 1929 for Thomas Pitt's automobile usiness
231 Government Street, Duncan, B.C. Built by architect Douglas James in 1929 for Thomas Pitt‘s automobile business

Here is a brief biographical sketch of Right Worshipful Brother Thomas Pitt from Temple Lodge records, newspaper articles and from his obituary and the report of his funeral the Cowichan Leader newspaper:

“…An application was then made by Mr. Thomas Pitt of the town of Duncans (Hotel Keeper) as a fit and proper person to be made a member of this Lodge. The application was made by Bro. Harry Smith seconded by Bro. Louis Truesdale. Carried. The Worshipful Master then appointed a committee on the application of Thos. Pitt. Bros. S. Robinson, Wm. Gidley, J.M. Mutter…”

(Source: Temple Lodge No.33, Minutes of Regular Meeting, 10 February 1900)

“..The application of Mr. Thos. Pitt was then read with a favourable report of committee upon the same. Brother Evans moved, and Bro. Truesdale seconded the motion to receive the application of Mr. Thos. Pitt and discharge the committee. The motion carried…..

The application of Mr. Thos. Pitt was then taken up and a ballot ordered after which the W.M. declared Mr. Thos. Pitt duly elected to become a member of this Lodge by Initiation….[Note: at the same meeting, applications for Initiation were also received from Cap. H.H. Addington, Robert Telford and Melville Franklin Lucas. All were elected members of Temple Lodge, No.33 at the Regular Meeting of 10 March 1900.]”

(Source: Temple Lodge No.33, Minutes of Regular Meeting, 10 March 1900)

“…Mr. Thomas Pitt a candidate for initiation being in waiting, was duly prepared, brought forward [and] initiated as an Entered Apprentice, he paying the usual fee…”

[Note: Cap. H.H. Addington was also initiated at this meeting]

(Source: Temple Lodge No.33, Minutes of Emergent Meeting, 24 March 1900)

Here are the local newspaper reports of the formation of Cowichan Merchants Ltd., a partnership between Thomas Pitt, Andrew H. Peterson and William Penn Jaynes.

“Business House In New Home
————–

This morning at 9:30 when the doors of the new home of Cowichan Merchants, Ltd. are thrown open to the public, one of the finest buildings of its kind west of Winnipeg will be in use as a general store.

The actual commencement of the mercantile business in Cowichan district dates back to 1879, when Mr. W.H. Jaynes first opened a business house here. On July 1st, 1899 the house which was destined to become the strongest mercantile firm in the district was founded by Mr. Harry Smith, who carried on business in the I.O.O.F. block until 1901, when he removed to the corner of Station and Craig Streets now being vacated by the Cowichan Merchants Ltd.

In February 1902, Mr. A. Peterson, who had been with Mr. Smith from the inception of the ‘Duncan Emporium’ formed a partnership with Mr. Thomas Pitt, purchased the business from its originator and by foresight and good management this firm has built up what is conceded to be the most extensive general merchandise business on Vancouver Island.

Last year the business which Mr. W.P. Jaynes had carried on successfully for many years was amalgamated with that of the Duncan Emporium, and the two houses, when the merger was complete, became known as the Cowichan Merchants, Limited, with Mr. A. Peterson as managing director…….”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, 8 December 1910 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

“AFTER SEVENTEEN YEARS
—-
Mr. Thomas Pitt Severs Connection With Well Known Firm

Mr. T. Pitt has severed his connection with the Cowichan Merchants Ltd., having disposed of his interests to Mr. A.H. Peterson. Thus the associations of some seventeen years are broken.

Mr. Pitt started business in partnership with Mr. Peterson, trading under both names in the building at the corner of Craig and Station Streets, Duncan. Its boards still show the old sign under certain weather conditions.

Subsequently the firm of Pitt and Peterson amalgamated with Mr. W.P. Jaynes and thus the Cowichan Merchants Ltd was brought into being.

Mr. Pitt was the recipient of a handsome case of pipes on New Year’s eve at the store, presented on behalf of the employees by Mr. T.J. Reeves. For the patronage extended to him by the public during the past seventeen years Mr. Pitt proffers his sincere thanks and appreciation.”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, 9 January 1919 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

Here is Thomas Pitt’s obituary in the local Cowichan Leader newspaper:

“Pitt – Cowichan learned with deep regret yesterday of the death in Duncan of Mr. Thomas Pitt, well-known and respected resident of the district since 1890. He was 68.

A former mayor and alderman of Duncan and a Justice of the Peace, Mr. Pitt was a popular figure here. He had been active in various organizations and was prominent in many lines of business.

He was born in Worcestershire, England in 1870, a son of the late Thomas and Letitia Pitt. He came out to this country in 1890 to work on the Elkington ranch near Maple Bay.

After farming for six years, he operated the Alderlea Hotel for three years. He then went into the general merchandising business with Mr. A.H. Peterson in the firm of Pitt & Peterson. Later, the late W.P. Jaynes was taken into the partnership and Cowichan Merchants Ltd. was founded.

Mr. Pitt sold his interest in the business just after the war, and operated a sawmill at Cobble Hill for a few years. Then for 10 years he was in the garage business under the name of Thomas Pitt Ltd. [Note: Thomas Pitt had local architect Douglas James design a building for his garage business in 1929. That building is still standing at 231 Government St. in downtown Duncan.] He retired in 1932.

Mr. Pitt was mayor of Duncan in 1919, 1920 and 1921, and an alderman in 1914, 1922, 1923 and 1924.

He was a prominent Mason, joining Temple Lodge, A.F. & A.M. in 1902 [note: he actually joined Temple Lodge, No.33 in 1900. He was Raised to a Master Mason in 1902] , and holding the office of secretary in 1903 and 1904, and of master in 1908 and 1909. In 1918 he was district deputy grand master. He also belonged to Tsouhalem Chapter, Royal Arch Masons.

He was a keen hunter and angler, and the Cowichan Fish and Game Association grew under his guidance. He was secretary from its inception until illness forced him to vacate the office about five months ago. He was also largely responsible for the organization of the Affiliated Fish and Game Associations of Vancouver Island four years ago, being president for the first two years. He was a club member of Cowichan Branch, Canadian Legion.

In 1900 Mr. Pitt married Miss Alice Grassie. He is survived by her; one son, Mr. Cyril Thomas Pitt, Duncan; one daughter, Mrs. A.E. Robinson, Vancouver; four brothers, Charles W. in Duncan, Stanley and George in England and Harry in Australia; and one sister, Mrs. Nellie Clark-Baylis, in England.

The funeral will be held at 2:30 to-morrow afternoon from the family residence, the service taking place at St. John’s Church and interment in Mountain View Cemetery, Somenos. Mr. R.W. Whidden has charge.”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, 31 March 1937 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

“Pitt – The funeral of Mr. Thomas Pitt on Friday  afternoon showed the esteem which he won for himself from all classes during his long business career and public service in Duncan.

There was a large attendance both in St. John’s Church and at the United Church cemetery, Somenos, and among the masses of flowers were wreaths from the City of Duncan, Cowichan branch, Canadian Legion, Cowichan Fish and Game Association, Duncan Elks, Malahat and Temple Lodges, A.F. & A.M., and Tsouhalem Chapter, R.A.M.

The pallbearers were Messrs. J. Cathcart, R.K. Cairns, Frank Price, A.H. Peterson, D.R. Hattie and James Grieg. The 23rd Psalm was sung and there were two hymns, “Peace, Perfect Peace” and Abide With Me.” Mr. R.W. Whidden had charge of arrangements.”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, 7 April 1937 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

Thomas Pitt is buried in Mountain View Cemetery on Somenos Road, North Cowichan, B.C.

Thomas and Alice Pitt grave, Mountain View Cemetery, North Cowichan
Thomas and Alice Pitt grave, Mountain View Cemetery, North Cowichan
Thomas and Alice Pitt grave marker, Mountain View Cemetery, North Cowichan
Thomas and Alice Pitt grave marker, Mountain View Cemetery, North Cowichan

Harold Fairfax Prevost’s former business building at 45 Craig Street

This small commercial building at 45 Craig Street is now occupied by Just Jake’s Restaurant.

45 Craig Street, Duncan, B.C. Built in 1922 for Harold F. Prevost's stationery business. It is now Just Jake's Restaurant.
45 Craig Street, Duncan, B.C. Built in 1922 for Harold F. Prevost‘s stationery business. It is now Just Jake’s Restaurant.

The building was originally built in 1922 for Worshipful Brother Harold Fairfax Prevost, who used it for his stationery and toy business. The building was designed by architect Douglas James and the contractor was Edward W. Lee, later Mayor of Duncan.

At the time this building was constructed , this site was apparently a vacant lot. A livery stable had been on the site previously. We believe that livery stable was the Keast and Blackstock Livery Stable, which burned down in the Great Fire of 1911, which started in the Cowichan Merchants’ building and spread to adjacent structures. This livery stable was operated by Brother Hubert Keast of Temple Lodge, No.33 until Brother Keast’s death in 1907.

Worshipful Brother Harold F. Prevost also served as Mayor of Duncan from 1929-1935. He considered his primary accomplishment as Mayor to have been keeping the City of Duncan‘s finances in stable condition during the Great Depression.

Harold Fairfax Prevost
Harold Fairfax Prevost (Photo courtesy of City of Duncan)

Here are some descriptions of this building taken from local newspapers and historical records:

“Excavations were begun yesterday for the erection of a new store on Craig Street, Duncan, next to the Canadian Bank of Commerce. It is for Mr. H.F. Prevost. Mr. E.W. Lee has the contract. Mr. Douglas James is the architect.”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, September 1922 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

“NEW BUSINESS PREMISES
Building On Craig Street Will Enhance City’s Appearance

As noted last week, excavations have begun on the site of Mr. H.F. Prevost’s new store on Craig Street, Duncan, adjoining the Canadian Bank of Commerce.

These new business premises will be a decided addition to the buildings of the city. The block is to be 30 feet wide by 60 feet long and it will be constructed of interlocking hollow tile, similar to that used in Mr. C.B. Mains new store. This hollow tile, owing to its air space, makes the building very cool in the summer.

It will be a one floor building on concrete foundations with a small cement basement. It will occupy the whole of Mr. Prevost’s lot. The large plate glass windows will face Craig street and the front will be of buff pressed brick with a gallery across the back.

While making excavations for this building, operations were somewhat hampered, owing to the discovery of a twenty-foot well, just at the back of the bank building. Some years ago the site was used for a livery stable when the well was then is use.

The contract calls for the building to be completed in two months’ time. Mr. Douglas James is the architect and Mr. E.W. Lee is the contractor…..”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, September 1922 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

“Mr. H.F. Prevost and his staff spent a very busy week end moving from the Odd Fellows’ Block, Duncan, to the new store next to the Canadian Bank of Commerce, on Craig street. As so much of his stationery and toy business is of very small size, its transportation was a lengthy and difficult process, having chiefly to be done by hand. However, they are now firmly established in a larger and more commodious building. The former place of business is in the hands of carpenters, undergoing alterations necessary before Mr. H.W. Fox removes his dry goods business there.”

(Source: Cowichan Leader, January 1923 – from Cowichan Valley Museum & Archives collections)

After Harold Fairfax Prevost’s death in 1941, 45 Craig Street was occupied by another member of Temple Lodge, No.33, William Bruce Powel, who used it for his mens’ clothing business, Powel’s Mens’ Wear.

Powel’s Mens Wear moved next door to 25 Craig Street (now the Craig Street Brew Pub) in 1972 and operated from that location until 2004, when 25 Craig Street became the Craig Street Brew Pub.

William Bruce Powel in Masonic regalia, circa 1958
William Bruce Powel in Masonic regalia, circa 1958 (Photo copyright Temple Lodge, No.33)

Craig Street Brew Pub also operates Just Jake’s Restaurant, so 25 Craig Street and 45 Craig Street are under the same management.

Harold Fairfax Prevost is buried in St. Peter’s Quamichan Anglican Cemetery.

Harold Fairfax Prevost grave stone, St. Peter's Quamichan Anglican cemetery
Harold Fairfax Prevost grave stone, St. Peter’s Quamichan Anglican cemetery

 

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St. John’s Anglican Church on Jubilee Street and its connections to Temple Lodge, No.33

St. John's Anglican Church, Jubilee Street, Duncan, B.C. Dedicated in 1905 by the Grand Master of B.C.
St. John’s Anglican Church, Jubilee Street, Duncan, B.C. Dedicated in 1905 by the Grand Master of B.C.

St. John’s Anglican Church at 486 Jubilee Street, Duncan, B.C. was built in 1905 with the active participation of Temple Lodge, No. 33 members. Temple Lodge, No. 33 arranged for the Grand Master of B.C., Most Worshipful Brother Thomas J. Armstrong, to convene a Special Communication of Grand Lodge in Duncan on 26 August, 1905 to allow the Grand Master of B.C. to lay the cornerstone of St. John’s Anglican Church.

A Temple Lodge. No.33 member, James McLeod Campbell, a builder by trade, secured the contract for construction of the church.

The church was designed by Victoria architect John Charles Malcolm Keith (1858-1940), who had a long association with the Anglican Church in B.C. and designed several other Anglican churches, including Christ Church Cathedral in Victoria, St. Mary Magdelene Anglican Church on Mayne Island and the Cathedral Church of the Redeemer in downtown Calgary. Keith also designed the Pemberton Memorial Chapel at Royal Jubilee Hospital in 1909 and the First Presbyterian Church on Quadra Street in Victoria in 1910.

St. John's Anglican Church, Jubilee Street, Duncan, B.C. Dedicated in 1905 by the Grand Master of B.C.
St. John’s Anglican Church, Jubilee Street, Duncan, B.C. Dedicated in 1905 by the Grand Master of B.C.

Other members of Temple Lodge, No. 33 known to have been associated with St. John’s Anglican Church are Roland Clayton Fawcett, Kenneth Forrest Duncan, James Grieg, Thomas Pitt, Hugh George Savage, John Dick, Thomas Gibbins, William H. Purver, John Homer, Steven Hamilton Hoskins.

James McLeod Campbell, circa 1907 as Reeve of North Cowichan
James McLeod Campbell, builder of St. John’s Anglican Church, circa 1907 as Reeve of North Cowichan (photo courtesy of Municipality of North Cowichan)

Here are some of the records regarding the Masonic involvement in St. John’s Anglican Church, Duncan:

“The meeting of the Grand Lodge of Masons to be held in Duncan on the 26th of this month for the purpose of laying the corner stone of the new church promises to be very interesting. Every one should see this ceremony.”

Source: Cowichan Leader, 16 August 1905

Here is the Grand Master of British Columbia’s report of the cornerstone ceremony at St. John’s Church:

“…….On the 26th of August, 1905, I convened a Special Communication of Grand Lodge at Duncan’s, B.C., for the purpose of laying the corner stone of St. John’s Church. A large number of Brethren from Duncan’s, Victoria, and other parts of the Province, took part in the ceremony. M.W. Bro. C. Ensor Sharp delivered a most eloquent address. During the ceremony I was presented with a magnificent silver trowel which I will always treasure as a memento of one of the pleasantest duties of my Masonic experience. In the afternoon the ladies of St. John’s Church entertained the Grand Lodge and other visitors at afternoon tea, and the members of Temple Lodge provided carriages and took us for a drive through the magnificent country surrounding Duncan’s……….

Report of Grand Master, M.W. Bro. Thomas J. Armstrong, Grand Lodge, 21 June 1906, Victoria, B.C.”

Source: Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of B.C., A.F. & A.M., 1906, page 8

“……………..On August 26th, 1905, I visited Temple Lodge No. 33, Duncan’s. They had no work on, but a social session was held and a very pleasant evening spent……….

Report of Grand Master, M.W. Bro. Thomas J. Armstrong, Grand Lodge, 21 June 1906, Victoria, B.C.”

Source: Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of B.C., A.F. & A.M., 1906, page 11

“PARISH HISTORY
———————
Canon Leakey Refers To Beginnings of Anglican Church in Duncan
———————————————–

The services at St. John [the] Baptist church on the day of its patron saint were marked by a sermon by the Rev. Canon Leakey at evensong.

His texts were those used by the then Bishop of Columbia and himself at the consecration services in 1906, namely, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make His paths straight.” and “Let us go on to perfection.”

The canon recalled his first impression of Duncan in 1886, when there were two farms, namely those of Messrs. W.C. Duncan and James Evans, and one shack, that of Mr. E.B. McKay. Elsewhere there was dense dark forest.

Services were conducted by himself as vicar of St. Peter’s Quamichan, in Mr. Duncan’s house, until 1890, when the old agricultural hall was utilized. Then the Masons offered their hall and finally, it was decided to build a church, which stood in a veritable wilderness and, like its patron saint, cried its message.

On August 26th, 1905, the corner stone of the building was laid by the Most Worshipful the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of B.C. It is of interest to record that General Currie on that occasion acted as Grand Marshal. In December of that year the church was opened for service, and about June 22nd 1906, it was consecrated.

Canon Leakey said their gratitude was due to the Masonic fraternity for their interest in the church in the past.
From its name the church spoke of repentance and urged them to go on to perfection. These yearly stages should be marked in their own lives.”

Source: Cowichan Leader, 8 July 1920, page 8

Here are the records of a report given to Temple Lodge, No.33 by M.W.B. Claude Green in February 1979 regarding research he done on the history of St. John’s Anglican Church.

“New Business

M. Wor Bro Green told the Lodge that his wife has been compiling a “scrap book” and had two identical newspaper pictures giving conflicting accounts of corner stones being laid by local Freemasons. Under one picture it said it was the laying of the corner stone of the first Duncan Hospital which took place on October 22nd, 1910. The other picture stated it was the laying of the corner­stone of St John’s Church, Duncan, B.C. on August 26th, 1905.

Bro Green said his wife was able to prove the correct account of the two pictures was the laying of the corner stone of the first Duncan Hospital by virtue of the fact that two small girls shown in the background were the daughters of our late Wor Bro Wm Dwyer who are approximately the same age as Mrs Green who was born in 1904. The two girls in the background of the picture are approximately six and seven years of age. Mrs Green has verified this with the two Dwyer girls.

Bro Green stated he was aware of the laying of the corner stones of the first Duncan Hospital and our present Masonic Building but had no knowledge of the St John’s Church corner stone. He stated he had found the Church corner stone text but it did not have the customary A.F. & A.M. and Square and Compass inscribed upon it he had therefore doubted that the corner stone had been laid under the auspices of the local Freemasons.

Not satisfied Bro Green looked up the Minutes of 1905 and found that an Emergent Meeting dated August 4th, 1905 was called especially to make arrangements for the laying of the said corner stone and that Grand Master Armstrong had been invited to officiate at the ceremony.

An Emergent Meeting was held in the Lodge on Saturday, August 26th, 1905 at 8:00 p.m. in which the Grand Master paid an Official Visit to Temple Lodge. No mention being made of the laying of the corner stone.

Research of the Grand Lodge Proceedings dated 1906 Bro Green found that Grand Master reported in his Address to the Brethren of his Official Visit to Temple Lodge on the evening of August 26th 1905. Still no mention of the laying stone of St. John’s Church.

Further research in the Grand Lodge Proceedings and under the heading of Special Events Grand Master Armstrong states he had laid the corner stone at St John’s Church, Duncan’s in the afternoon of Saturday, August 26th, 1905. Thus a Masonic laying of the corner stone at St John’s Church had now been established.

Unfortunately, the Lodge Secretary of that period failed to record that Temple Lodge #33 together with the Grand Master had participated in that historic event.

Bro Green asked permission of the Lodge to Insert in the proper space of the Minutes of 1905 a memorandum recording this important historic event. This was immediately authorized.

The Worshipful Master thanked Bro. Green and his wife for the trouble takes by them in order to establish the correct version of the two newspaper pictures and the consequent research undertaken to establish the fact that the St John’s Church corner stone had been laid under the auspices of the local Freemasons and the Grand Master of that period.

Of interest the St John’s Church corner stone bears the following inscription:-

A.M.D.G.
Aug 26, 1905
These are the initials of the following Latin sentences-
AD MAGNA DEO GLORIA
which translated says
TO THE GREATER GLORY OF GOD

There being no further business the Lodge was closed at 8:00 p.m. in Short Form.

Peace and harmony prevailing.”

Source: Temple Lodge, No.33 Minute Book, Meeting of 13 February 1979

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